Minor Tonality

Diatonic Chord and Diatonic Scale

  • Natural Minor Scale

    Im7 Natural Minor
    IIø Locrian
    bIIIΔ7 Major
    IVm7 Dorian
    Vm7 Phrygian
    bVIΔ7 Lydian
    bVII7 Mixolydian
  • Harmonic Minor Scale

    ImΔ7 1,2,b3,4,5,b6,7
    IIø 1,b2,b3,4,b5,6,b7
    bIIIΔ7(#5) 1,2,3,4,#5,6,7
    IVm7 1,2,b3,#4,5,6,b7
    V7 1,b2,3,4,5,b6,b7
    bVIΔ7 1,#2,3,#4,5,6,7
    VIIo7 1,b2,b3,3,b5,b6,6
  • Melodic Minor Scale

    ImΔ7 1,2,b3,4,5,6,7
    IIm7 1,b2,b3,4,5,6,b7
    bIIIΔ7(#5) 1,2,3,#4,#5,6,7
    IV7 1,2,3,#4,5,6,7
    V7 1,2,3,4,5,b6,7
    VIø 1,2,b3,4,b5,b6,b7
    VIIø 1,b2,b3,3,b5,b6,b7

Diatonic Chord Function

  • Tonic Minor (Tm)

    Im6 (Im9, ImΔ7), VIø, bIII6 (bIIIΔ7)

  • Sub-Dominant Minor (SDm)

    IVm7 (Im6, Im9), IIø, bVIΔ7 (bIV6), bVII7

  • Dominant Minor (Dm)


  • Dominant (D)

    V7, VIIo7

Classification By Frequency Of Use

  • Common Chord : The chord used frequently

    ImΔ7, IIø, bIIIΔ7, IVm7, V7, bVIΔ7, bVII7

  • Alternate Chord : The chord used less frequently than the common chord

    Im7, IIm7, bIIIΔ7(#5), IV7, Vm7, VIø, VIIIo

Parent Scale

  • Common Chord

    Chord Parent 2nd Parent
    ImΔ7 Mm Hm
    IIø Nm Hm
    bIIIΔ7 Nm
    IVm7 Nm Hm
    V7 Hm Mm
    bVIΔ7 Nm Hm
    bVII7 Nm
  • Alternate Chord

    Chord Parent 2nd Parent
    Im7 Nm
    IIm7 Mm
    bIIIΔ7(#5) Mm Hm
    IV7 Mm
    Vm7 Mm
    VIø Mm
    VIIo7 Hm